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기타 Conjunctions and Linking Words

danny 2008.12.03 07:27 조회 수 : 6987

Conjunctions and Linking Words

Coordinators
    Coordinators connect elements of equal importance.

    S + V , but
    S + V

    (and, but, so, or, nor, for*, yet)

    S + V and V

    S and S + V

    N and N

    Adj. and Adj.

    Phrase and Phrase

    Can be used in a series: A, B, C, or D


Subordinators
    Subordinators strong as the other.

    S + V although S + V

    (although, even though, because, since*,


    when, while, before*, after*, whenever,


    wherever*, if, unless, whether?[or not]


    as, as [adjective] as, so that, whereas


    anywhere*, anytime*)

    Although S + V , S + V



Sentence Connectors
    Sentence Connectors connect paragraphs or show relationship between very different ideas.

    S + V . However, S + V

    (however, therefore, thus, moreover,


    nevertheless, first*, then*, next*, still*

    S + V ; however, S + V

    besides, consequently, furthermore)


Prepositions
    Prepositions show relationship among elements of a sentence.
    They are followed by noun phrases only and cannot take on a S + V.

    S + V (prep. phrase)

    (during, after*, before*, in, on, at


    despite, in spite of, for*, since*, by

    (Prep. phrase), S + V

    like, except, but*, about, to*, from


    between [A and B], among, with

    (Prep. phrase) V + S (unusual)

    within, without, beside, near, next to)

* These words have more than one function.


Connector Example;

To SHOW ADDITION TO SHOW A CONTRAST TO SHOW AN EFFECT / RESULT TO SHOW TIME AND SEQUENCE
additionally actually accordingly after this / that
along with this / that anyhow as a result afterwards
also anyway because of this / that an hour later
alternatively as a matter of fact consequently several hours later, etc.
as a matter of fact * at any rate for this / that reason at last
besides despite this / that hence * at this moment
furthermore even so * in consequence * before this / that
in addition however on account of this / that * from now on
indeed in any case * otherwise henceforth *
in fact in contrast then hitherto *
in other words in either case therefore in the meantime
in the same way in fact this / that being so just then
likewise in spite of this / that thus meanwhile
moreover instead (of this / that) to this end next
plus nevertheless
on another occasion

nonetheless *
previously

on the contrary
then

on the other hand
under the circumstances

rather
until then

still
up to now

though
most importantly

as a matter of fact
:    [spoken] used when adding more details about what you have just said
(but) even so:    [spoken] used to introduce something that is true although it is different from something that you have just said
in any case:    whatever happens or happened
nonetheless:    in spite of the fact that has just been mentioned
hence:    for this reason
in consequence:    as a result of something
on account of this:    concerning a particular situation
henceforth:    from this time on
hitherto:    up to this time




refer: ELSgold.com
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